My Research Interests
My research interests revolve around the psychological impact of technology on workers. Within this area, I am interested in a wide range of topics such as technostress, cyberdeviancy, telecommuting, virtual teams, E-leadership, etc.
I study these topics at an individual level, focusing on workers' personalities, attitudes or emotions. I have a special interest in theories integrating human subjectivity and intrinsic desires.
My discipline is Organizational Behavior, which is the study of human behavior in organizational settings. Due to the technological flavor of my research interests, I am however keen on borrowing from other disciplines such as Information Systems, Communication, and Social Psychology.
Current Research Projects
This project is about the impact of e-mails on well-being and stress. Specifically, I am interested in the idea that stress can be reduced if employees get the chance to use e-mails as they wish (e.g., to an extent they like). This is not easily achieved given that e-mail tends to be the default communication medium in organisations, regardless of its appropriateness and of colleagues' individual preferences.
This project is about the ability to work anytime, anywhere, and anyhow (i.e., flexible working or "New Ways of Working"). So far, I have investigated the desirability of flexible working for candidates, but am currently investigating other forms of flexible working such as temp work or freelancing.
On the 10th of October 2013, Gauthier Toulemonde, a French CEO, left Paris for a far and remote desert island in Indonesia. His plan was to telework from there while trying to survive. This research is about his extreme teleworking experience, about coping with solitude and loneliness using virtual interactions with remote but supporting co-workers.
This project is about opening up new directions in technostress literature. First, I am exploring is the idea that there may be "positive" forms of technostress that challenge and drive individuals in their work, rather than threaten them. Second, I am interested in bringing new theoretical frameworks to the technostress literature, that has remained focused on transactional stress theories for now.
- Cyberdeviancy : This is a broad area including data theft, cyberloafing, electronic monitoring, E-politics, cyberbullying...
- Neo-Luddism : Study the most extreme forms of technology rejection (such as industrial sabotage) and their related attitudes
- Behind the Internet : Study how workers behind the Internet (content moderators, commercial divers...) perceive end-users
Please contact me if you wish to be involved in any of these projects
My Research Philosophy
Reality to be Found
I believe there is a reality out there existing independently of our knowledge of it.
Reality is not bound to physical laws like gravity but to every entity having an effect on behavior, such as language, social structures or virtual interactions.
Human behavior provides indicators of this reality that might not be directly observable.
For example, I look at indicators such as attitudes, desires or personality. This philosophy of knowledge has been coined Critical Realism.
It is my conviction that scientific research should be disseminated and made freely available.
I do my best to share my papers, data and tools to the extent allowed to me. Most of my research software listed below are open source.
My Research Toolbox
Person-Environment fit theory is about the compatibility between individuals and their work environments (e.g. with their jobs, teams or organizations).
This congruence is studied with quadratic polynomial regressions and surface response analysis (R, SPSS, STATA), resulting in three-dimensional graphs.
SEM is a powerful statistical method to test complex theoretical models. It is driven by theory, as you need a robust model before you start the analysis.
It is often used to access latent constructs (unobservable constructs such as "extraversion" inferred from directly measured items).
Mixed methods research is about combining several methods (e.g., a quantitative survey and qualitative interviews) to achieve research aims or answer research questions.
Consistent with my critical realist perspective, mixed methods “can be employed to reveal different facets of the same reality and also to examine reality from different perspectives” (McEvoy and Richards, 2006, p. 72).
John Creswell has written comprehensive books helping to design mixed methods research projects. In general therefore, you need to determine the sequencing (which goes first) and the dominance (which is the most important), and the point of interface (when they should be merged)