My Research Interests
My research interests revolve around the psychological impact of technology on workers. Within this area, I am interested in a wide range of topics such as technostress, cyberdeviancy, telecommuting, virtual teams, E-leadership, etc.
I study these topics at an individual level, focusing on workers' personalities, attitudes or emotions. I have a special interest in theories integrating human subjectivity and intrinsic desires.
My discipline is Organizational Behavior, which is the study of human behavior in organizational settings. Due to the technological flavor of my research interests, I am however keen on borrowing from other disciplines such as Information Systems, Communication, and Social Psychology.
Current Research Projects
My PhD was about well-being and virtual interactions at work. I looked into how formal and informal virtual interactions between employees impacted their well-being.
Although some individuals may suffer in these virtual environments, others may thrive. However, we do not always have the choice to interact the way we want to in our jobs.
This is why I looked at well-being as the result of a fit between the virtual interactions workers want and the ones they get. On the contrary, a misfit between desires and reality can lead to stress.
Flexjob is a website matching candidates looking for a flexible job to appropriate job offers.
Desires for flexible working are diverse. Candidates could be looking for jobs in which they can work where they please (space flexibility), with no fixed schedule (time flexibility) or with the content or organization of their chosing (work flexibility).
This research is developing an algorithm to match candidates with job offers based on their desires for flexible working. This algorithm is based on neural networks in order to evolve with candidates' responses.
On the 10th of October 2013, Gauthier Toulemonde, a French CEO, left Paris for a far and remote desert island in Indonesia. His plan was to telework from there while trying to survive.
Forty days later, he was back to France. He did survive and work six hours daily, having regular videoconferences and email exchanges with his team and customers. This research is about his extreme teleworking experience, about coping with solitude and loneliness using virtual interactions with remote but supporting co-workers.
I have several research projects I would like to carry out in the next few years:- Cyberdeviancy : This is a broad area including data theft, cyberloafing, electronic monitoring, E-politics, cyberbullying...
- Technostress : This is a vast topic I would like to continue studying, notably by bringing attitudinal scales and person-environment fit theories to the debate
- Neo-Luddism : Study the most extreme forms of technology rejection (such as industrial sabotage) and their related attitudes
- Behind the Internet : Study how workers behind the Internet (content moderators, commercial divers...) perceive end-users
- Emotional Labor : Compare the emotional labor between face-to-face and virtual customer support
My Research Philosophy
Reality to be Found
I believe there is a reality out there existing independently of our knowledge of it.
Reality is not bound to physical laws like gravity but to every entity having an effect on behavior, such as language, social structures or virtual interactions.
Human behavior provides indicators of this reality that might not be directly observable.
For example, I look at indicators such as attitudes, desires or personality. This philosophy of knowledge has been coined Critical Realism.
It is my conviction that scientific research should be disseminated and made freely available.
I do my best to share my papers, data and tools to the extent allowed to me. Most of my research software listed below are open source.
My Research Toolbox
Person-Environment fit theory is about the compatibility between individuals and their work environments (e.g. with their jobs, teams or organizations).
This congruence is studied with quadratic polynomial regressions and surface response analysis (R, SPSS, STATA), resulting in three-dimensional graphs.
SEM is a powerful statistical method to test complex theoretical models. It is driven by theory, as you need a robust model before you start the analysis.
It is often used to access latent constructs (unobservable constructs such as "extraversion" inferred from directly measured items).
Mixed methods research is about combining several methods (e.g., a quantitative survey and qualitative interviews) to achieve research aims or answer research questions.
Consistent with my critical realist perspective, mixed methods “can be employed to reveal different facets of the same reality and also to examine reality from different perspectives” (McEvoy and Richards, 2006, p. 72).
John Creswell has written comprehensive books helping to design mixed methods research projects. In general therefore, you need to determine the sequencing (which goes first) and the dominance (which is the most important), and the point of interface (when they should be merged)